Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalayan Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times
An, ZS; Kutzbach, JE; Prell, WL; Porter, SC
2001-05-03
Source PublicationNATURE
Volume411Issue:6833Pages:62-66
SubtypeArticle
AbstractThe climates of Asia are affected significantly by the extent and height of the Himalayan mountains and the Tibetan plateau(1-4). Uplift of this region began about 50 Myr ago, and further significant increases in altitude of the Tibetan plateau are thought to have occurred about 10-8 Myr ago(4,5), or more recently. However, the climatic consequences of this uplift remain unclear. Here we use records of aeolian sediments from China(6,7) and marine sediments from the Indian(8-10) and North Pacific oceans(11) to identify three stages of evolution of Asian climates: first, enhanced aridity in the Asian interior and onset of the Indian and east Asian monsoons, about 9-8 Myr ago; next, continued intensification of the east Asian summer and winter monsoons, together with increased dust transport to the North Pacirc Ocean(11), about 3.6-2.6 Myr ago; and last, increased variability and possible weakening of the Indian and east Asian summer monsoons and continued strengthening of the east Asian winter monsoon since about 2.6 Myr ago. The results of a numerical climate-model experiment, using idealized stepwise increases of mountain-plateau elevation, support the argument that the stages in evolution of Asian monsoons are linked to phases of Himalaya-Tibetan plateau uplift and to Northern Hemisphere glaciation.
Subject AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS KeywordCHINESE LOESS PLATEAU ; NORTHERN-HEMISPHERE ; MAGNETOSTRATIGRAPHY ; SEQUENCES ; DEFORMATION ; SENSITIVITY ; GLACIATION ; ATLANTIC ; CLIMATE ; ZONE
Indexed BySCI ; SCIE
Language英语
WOS Research AreaMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000168432800042
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1646[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/11820
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(1985-2004)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
An, ZS,Kutzbach, JE,Prell, WL,et al. Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalayan Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times[J]. NATURE,2001,411(6833):62-66.
APA An, ZS,Kutzbach, JE,Prell, WL,&Porter, SC.(2001).Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalayan Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times.NATURE,411(6833),62-66.
MLA An, ZS,et al."Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalayan Tibetan plateau since Late Miocene times".NATURE 411.6833(2001):62-66.
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