IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Petroleum contamination evaluation and bacterial community distribution in a historic oilfield located in loess plateau in China
Gao, S (Gao, Sha)1; Liang, JD (Liang, Jidong)1,2; Teng, TT (Teng, Tingting)1; Zhang, M (Zhang, Man)1
2019-04
Source PublicationAPPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY
Volume136Pages:30-42
Contribution Rank2
AbstractIn this study, petroleum contamination and the corresponding distribution of bacterial communities in the Yanchang oilfield, a historic oilfield in north China was evaluated. Surface soil samples and river sediment samples near the oilfield were collected and analyzed for the total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), n-alkanes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), bacterial biodiversity, and environmental factors. Petroleum fingerprinting analysis and redundancy analysis (RDA) were then conducted to evaluate the petroleum contamination and the bacterial community structure. The results of these studies showed that the petroleum contamination in the study area was high in TPHs, present at the levels in the ranges 1678-6748, 1189-2237, and 1089-1728 mg/kg in the wastelands, sediments, and farmlands, respectively. "Chemical fingerprint" indicators (e.g., carbon preference index near 1 and pristane/phytane < 10) indicate that petroleum pollution in the wasteland near the oil wells migrated to the farmlands and rivers, and deep biodegradation occurred in these places. The microbial diversity analysis identified many genus, including Stenotrophomonas, Arenimonas, Sphingomonas, Aquabacterium, Acinetobacter, Comamonas and Pseudomonas, containing many known petroleum degrading species. The RDA results indicated that moisture was the most significant factor shaping the local bacterial community, followed by the total nitrogen, total organic carbon, and total phosphorus contents, and pH. This study demonstrated an approach for providing comprehensive information to support evaluation and remediation of regional petroleum contamination.
KeywordPetroleum contamination Petroleum fingerprinting 16Sr RNA sequencing Bacterial community
Indexed BySCI ; SCIE
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10933
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Corresponding AuthorLiang, JD (Liang, Jidong)
Affiliation1.Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Environm Engn, Xian 710049, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gao, S ,Liang, JD ,Teng, TT ,et al. Petroleum contamination evaluation and bacterial community distribution in a historic oilfield located in loess plateau in China[J]. APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY,2019,136:30-42.
APA Gao, S ,Liang, JD ,Teng, TT ,&Zhang, M .(2019).Petroleum contamination evaluation and bacterial community distribution in a historic oilfield located in loess plateau in China.APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY,136,30-42.
MLA Gao, S ,et al."Petroleum contamination evaluation and bacterial community distribution in a historic oilfield located in loess plateau in China".APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY 136(2019):30-42.
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