Arsenic in Chinese coals: Distribution, modes of occurrence, and environmental effects
Kang, Y (Kang, Yu)[1,2]; Liu, GJ (Liu, Guijian)[1,2]; Chou, CL (Chou, Chen-Lin)[3]; Wong, MH (Wong, Ming H.)[4,5]; Zheng, LG (Zheng, Liugen)[1]; Ding, R (Ding, Rui)[1]
2011-12-15
发表期刊SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
卷号412页码:1-13
文章类型期刊论文
摘要

Arsenic, one of the most hazardous elements occurring in coals, can be released to the environment during coal processing and combustion. Based on the available literature and published results obtained in our laboratory, the content, distribution and the modes of occurrence of As in Chinese coals, and its environmental and impacts are reviewed in this article. With the 4763 sets of data (from the literature) rearranged, the arithmetic mean As concentration of each province and weighted mean As concentration of the entire country (using the expected coal reserves as the weighting factor) were calculated. The weighted mean As concentration in Chinese coals is 3.18 mg/kg, with As concentration increasing from northern China to southern China. The As concentration in coal varies with coal-forming ages and coal ranks. Arsenic has several modes of occurrence in coals. According to results obtained by other studies and our own experiments, As is mainly associated with mineral matter (such as pyrite and other sulfide minerals) in coals, although a significant amount of arsenic is associated with organic matter. The accumulation of As in coal is controlled by many geological factors during coal-forming processes, including plant decomposition, sedimentary environments, and epigenetic hydrothermal activity. During the combustion of coal, As is released to the air, water, and soil, causing serious environmental pollution. More than 45% of the coal consumed in China is utilized by power plants, and it is estimated that nearly 522 tonnes, 21 tonnes and 252 tonnes of As are emitted into the atmosphere by industries, residential buildings and coal-fired power plants, respectively, every year.

关键词Arsenic Chinese coal Modes of occurrence Geologic factors Environmental impact
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.10.026
收录类别SCI
语种英语
引用统计
被引频次:54[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10302
专题黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
通讯作者Liu, GJ (Liu, Guijian)[1,2]
作者单位1.CAS Key Laboratory of Crust-Mantle Materials and Environment, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710075, China;
3.Illinois State Geological Survey (Emeritus), Champaign, IL 61820, USA;
4.Croucher Institute for Environmental Sciences, and Department of Biology, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Kang, Y ,Liu, GJ ,Chou, CL ,et al. Arsenic in Chinese coals: Distribution, modes of occurrence, and environmental effects[J]. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,2011,412:1-13.
APA Kang, Y ,Liu, GJ ,Chou, CL ,Wong, MH ,Zheng, LG ,&Ding, R .(2011).Arsenic in Chinese coals: Distribution, modes of occurrence, and environmental effects.SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT,412,1-13.
MLA Kang, Y ,et al."Arsenic in Chinese coals: Distribution, modes of occurrence, and environmental effects".SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 412(2011):1-13.
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