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Water-soluble ions in atmospheric aerosols measured in Xi'an, China: Seasonal variations and sources
Zhang, T (Zhang, T.)[1]; Cao, JJ (Cao, J. J.)[1,2]; Tie, XX (Tie, X. X.)[1,3]; Shen, ZX (Shen, Z. X.)[2]; Liu, SX (Liu, S. X.)[1]; Ding, H (Ding, H.)[4]; Han, YM (Han, Y. M.)[1]; Wang, GH (Wang, G. H.)[1]; Ho, KF (Ho, K. F.)[1]; Qiang, J (Qiang, J.)[4]; Li, WT (Li, W. T.)[5]
2011-10-30
Source PublicationATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
Volume102Issue:1-2Pages:110-119
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Daily PM(2.5) and water-soluble inorganic ions (Na(+), NH(4)(+), K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), Cl(-), NO(3)(-) and SO(4)(2-)) were collected in Xi'an (34.23 degrees N, 108.88 degrees E), China from March 2006 to March 2007. PM(2.5) was collected using battery-powered mini-volume samplers. And the ions were determined by ion chromatography from the measured aerosol mass. The annual average mass concentration of PM(2.5) was found to be 194.1 +/- 78.6 mu g m(-3), which exceeded substantially the international guidelines for health concerns. The seasonal average mass concentration of PM(2.5) was highest in winter (266.8 mu g m(-3)) and lowest in summer (138.6 mu g m(-3)). The three highest abundant ions were SO(4)(2-), NO(3)(-), and NH(4)(-), with average concentrations of 35.6 +/- 19.5 mu g m(-3), 16.4 +/- 10.1 mu g m(-3), and 11.4 6.8 mu g m(-3), which were accounted for 18.7%, 8.0%, and 5.7% of the PM(2.5) mass, respectively. The major ions were in the species of (NH(4))(2)SO(4), NH(4)HSO(4) and NH(4)NO(3), and their concentrations were highest in winter, due to high coal combustion. The concentrations of Ca(2+) were higher in spring than other seasons, due to the higher mineral dust concentrations. Ca(2+) was strongly correlated with CO(3)(2-), which was calculated as the difference in the measured cations minus anions. Ion balance calculations indicate that the PM(2.5) was acidic, and this result is consistent with the measurement of pH values. Sulfur oxidation ratio was higher in summer and autumn, which implies that the formation of secondary sulfate-rich particles is favored by warm and relatively moist weather. Nitrogen oxidation ratio was highest in autumn.

KeywordAerosols Water-soluble ions Seasonal variation Source Xi'an
DOI10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.06.014
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10278
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorCao, JJ (Cao, J. J.)[1,2]
Affiliation1.SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China;
2.Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China;
3.National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA;
4.Chang'an University, Xi'an, China;
5.Xi'an Environmental Monitoring Station, Xi'an, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, T ,Cao, JJ ,Tie, XX ,et al. Water-soluble ions in atmospheric aerosols measured in Xi'an, China: Seasonal variations and sources[J]. ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH,2011,102(1-2):110-119.
APA Zhang, T .,Cao, JJ .,Tie, XX .,Shen, ZX .,Liu, SX .,...&Li, WT .(2011).Water-soluble ions in atmospheric aerosols measured in Xi'an, China: Seasonal variations and sources.ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH,102(1-2),110-119.
MLA Zhang, T ,et al."Water-soluble ions in atmospheric aerosols measured in Xi'an, China: Seasonal variations and sources".ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH 102.1-2(2011):110-119.
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