IEECAS OpenIR  > 黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Human activity and its impact on the landscape at the Xishanping site in the western Loess Plateau during 4800–4300 cal yr BP based on the fossil charcoal record
Li, XQ (Li, Xiaoqiang)[1,2]; Sun, N (Sun, Nan)[1,2]; Dodson, J (Dodson, John)[3]; Zhou, XY (Zhou, Xinying)[1]
2012-10-31
Source PublicationJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume39Issue:10Pages:3141-3147
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

The taxonomic identification of fossil charcoal can be a useful archaeobotanical tool, as it can reveal information about prehistoric humans' use of plant resources and other factors. In this study, we quantify the fossil charcoal in a cultural sequence from Xishanping in the western Loess Plateau of China representing 4800–4300 cal yr BP to consider aspects of humans' impact on this landscape. The fossil charcoal assemblages reveal that the relative abundances of Picea, Betula, Acer, Ulmus and Quercus decreased markedly after 4600 cal yr BP. This suggests a marked decline in the mixed coniferous-broadleaved forest after this time. Concurrently, an increasing abundance of Bambusoideae charcoal has been suggested to reflect the expansion of the bamboo forest. The marked changes in the vegetation after 4600 cal yr BP were not obviously influenced by climate; they may be a better reflection of the results of human activity. Furthermore, other genera that provide important resources to humans also increased after 4600 cal yr BP, including Castanea, Cerasus, Padus and Diospyros. It is nearly certain that nuts and berries were an important food resource and that fruit trees were managed by prehistoric humans in the late Neolithic. This work suggests that the scale of prehistoric human impact on the western Loess Plateau landscape during the late Neolithic was much greater than was previously believed.

KeywordFossil Charcoal Xishanping Site Western Loess Plateau 4800e4300 Cal Yr Bp Human Activity Impact
DOI10.1016/j.jas.2012.04.052
Indexed BySCIE
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10150
Collection黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室(2010~)
Corresponding AuthorLi, XQ (Li, Xiaoqiang)[1,2]
Affiliation1.The Laboratory of Human Evolution, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Palaeoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xizhimenwai Street, Beijing 100044, China;
2.State Lab of Loess & Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hi-Tech Zone, Xi’an 710075, Shaanxi, China;
3.Institute for Environmental Research, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Kirrawee, NSW 2232, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, XQ (Li, Xiaoqiang)[1,2],Sun, N (Sun, Nan)[1,2],Dodson, J (Dodson, John)[3],等. Human activity and its impact on the landscape at the Xishanping site in the western Loess Plateau during 4800–4300 cal yr BP based on the fossil charcoal record[J]. Journal of Archaeological Science,2012,39(10):3141-3147.
APA Li, XQ ,Sun, N ,Dodson, J ,&Zhou, XY .(2012).Human activity and its impact on the landscape at the Xishanping site in the western Loess Plateau during 4800–4300 cal yr BP based on the fossil charcoal record.Journal of Archaeological Science,39(10),3141-3147.
MLA Li, XQ ,et al."Human activity and its impact on the landscape at the Xishanping site in the western Loess Plateau during 4800–4300 cal yr BP based on the fossil charcoal record".Journal of Archaeological Science 39.10(2012):3141-3147.
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