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Variations in the concentration and isotopic composition of nitrate nitrogen in wet deposition and their relation with meteorological conditions in Xi'an city, Northwest China
Xing, M (Xing, Meng)[1,2]; Liu, WG (Liu, Weiguo)[1,3]
2012-04-30
Source PublicationAPPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY
Volume27Issue:4Pages:831-840
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

The characterization of N isotopes in NO(3) is an effective method to determine NO(3) sources and NO(X) transformation mechanisms. Xi'an city is located in a semi-arid to arid region and is representative of most cities in the north and NW of China. Few studies have been carried out on N isotopes in wet deposition of this region. In this study, 29 wet deposition samples were collected from Xi'an city in northwestern China between March 2008 and May 2009 and analyzed for their volume-weighted NO(3)(-) and NH(4)(+) concentrations and N isotopic compositions. Volume-weighted mean concentrations were 3.9 mu mol L(-1) for NO(3)(-) and 13.5 mu mol L(-1) for NH(4)(+). The wet deposition samples showed pronounced seasonal variation in the N isotopic composition of NO(3)(-) with delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) ranging from -2.0 parts per thousand to +9.2 parts per thousand over the course of a year, with a mean value of +2.6 +/- 2.6 parts per thousand. Higher delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) values were observed in the cool season (November-May, +3.8 parts per thousand) than in the warm season (June-October, +1.0 parts per thousand). In autumn and winter in particular, the mean delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) values were clearly different (+0.9 parts per thousand and +6.7 parts per thousand, respectively). Various factors are shown to lead to variation in the delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) values in wet deposition. One effect is changing ratios of N derived from agricultural/soil sources (low delta(15)N-NO(3)(-), dominant in the warm season) and fossil fuel-derived NO(X) (high delta(15)N-NO(3)(-), relatively more important in the cool season). However, in the cool season delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) unexpectedly shows a strong negative correlation with SO(2) concentration, which should correlate with fossil fuel combustion inputs. This may be explained by interactions of N-species with other atmospheric pollutants. The results also suggest that temperature may be a significant factor affecting delta(15)N-NO(3)(-). The NO(X) reacts in different ways depending on temperature, leading to a correlation of delta(15)N-NO(3)(-) with temperature. Moreover, the effects of dilution cannot be neglected here, as there is clear seasonal variation in precipitation. When combined with meteorological parameters, the volume-weighted concentrations of NO(3)(-) and NH(4)(-) and air pollutant precursor data, the delta(15)N of NO(3)(-) in wet deposition can be used as a reliable tool for the precise identification of NO(X) transformation mechanisms in the environment and the fate of NO(X) emissions.

Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10125
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorLiu, WG (Liu, Weiguo)[1,3]
Affiliation1.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China;
2.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
3.School of Human Settlement and Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xing, M ,Liu, WG . Variations in the concentration and isotopic composition of nitrate nitrogen in wet deposition and their relation with meteorological conditions in Xi'an city, Northwest China[J]. APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY,2012,27(4):831-840.
APA Xing, M ,&Liu, WG .(2012).Variations in the concentration and isotopic composition of nitrate nitrogen in wet deposition and their relation with meteorological conditions in Xi'an city, Northwest China.APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY,27(4),831-840.
MLA Xing, M ,et al."Variations in the concentration and isotopic composition of nitrate nitrogen in wet deposition and their relation with meteorological conditions in Xi'an city, Northwest China".APPLIED GEOCHEMISTRY 27.4(2012):831-840.
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