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Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the Last Glacial-interglacial cycle
Yu, JM (Yu, Jimin)[ 1 ]; Anderson, RF (Anderson, Robert F.)[ 2 ]; Jin, ZD (Jin, Zhangdong)[ 3 ]; Rae, JWB (Rae, James W. B.)[ 4 ]; Opdyke, BN (Opdyke, Bradley N.)[ 1 ]; Eggins, SM (Eggins, Stephen M.)[ 1 ]
2013-09-15
Source PublicationQUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS
Volume76Pages:39-52
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

We present new deep water carbonate ion concentration ([CO32-]) records, reconstructed using Cibicidoides wuellerstorfi B/Ca, for one core from Caribbean Basin (water depth = 3623 m, sill depth = 1.8 km) and three cores located at 2.3-4.3 km water depth from the equatorial Pacific Ocean during the Last Glacial interglacial cycle. The pattern of deep water [CO32-] in the Caribbean Basin roughly mirrors that of atmospheric CO2, reflecting a dominant influence from preformed [CO32-] in the North Atlantic Ocean. Compared to the amplitude of similar to 65 mu mol/kg in the deep Caribbean Basin, deep water [CO32-] in the equatorial Pacific Ocean has varied by no more than similar to 15 mu mol/kg due to effective buffering of CaCO3 on deep-sea pH in the Pacific Ocean. Our results suggest little change in the global mean deep ocean [CO32-] between the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the Late Holocene. The three records from the Pacific Ocean show long-term increases in [CO32-] by similar to 7 mu mol/kg from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5c to mid MIS 3, consistent with the response of the deep ocean carbonate system to a decline in neritic carbonate production associated with similar to 60 m drop in sea-level (the "coral-reef" hypothesis). Superimposed upon the long-term trend, deep water [CO32-] in the Pacific Ocean displays transient changes, which decouple with delta C-13 in the same cores, at the start and end of MIS 4. These changes in [CO32-] and delta C-13 are consistent with what would be expected from vertical nutrient fractionation and carbonate compensation. The observed similar to 4 mu mol/kg [CO32-] decline in the two Pacific cores at >3.4 km water depth from MIS 3 to the LGM indicate further strengthening of deep ocean stratification, which contributed to the final step of atmospheric CO2 drawdown during the last glaciation. The striking similarity between deep water [CO32-] and Th-230-normalized CaCO3 flux at two adjacent sites from the central equatorial Pacific Ocean provides convincing evidence that deep-sea carbonate dissolution dominantly controlled CaCO3 preservation at these sites in the past. Our results offer new and quantitative constraints from deep ocean carbonate chemistry to understand roles of various mechanisms in atmospheric CO2 changes over the Last Glacial interglacial cycle.

KeywordDeep Ocean Carbonate Ion Global Carbon Cycle B/ca Carbonate Compensation Ocean Stratification Pleistocene
DOI10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.020
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
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Cited Times:45[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10041
Collection加速器质谱中心
Corresponding AuthorYu, JM (Yu, Jimin)[ 1 ]
Affiliation1.Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia;
2.Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, 61 Route 9W/PO Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964-8000, USA;
3.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China;
4.Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yu, JM ,Anderson, RF ,Jin, ZD ,et al. Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the Last Glacial-interglacial cycle[J]. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,2013,76:39-52.
APA Yu, JM ,Anderson, RF ,Jin, ZD ,Rae, JWB ,Opdyke, BN ,&Eggins, SM .(2013).Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the Last Glacial-interglacial cycle.QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS,76,39-52.
MLA Yu, JM ,et al."Responses of the deep ocean carbonate system to carbon reorganization during the Last Glacial-interglacial cycle".QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS 76(2013):39-52.
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