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Chemical characteristics of PM2.5 during dust storms and air pollution events in Chengdu, China
Wang, QY (Wang, Qiyuan)[ 1,2 ]; Cao, JJ (Cao, Junji)[ 2,3 ]; Shen, ZX (Shen, Zhenxing)[ 1 ]; Tao, J (Tao, Jun)[ 4 ]; Xiao, S (Xiao, Shun)[ 2,5,6 ]; Luo, L (Luo, Lei)[ 7 ]; He, QY (He, Qingyang)[ 2 ]; Tang, XY (Tang, Xinying)[ 7 ]
2013-02-28
Source PublicationPARTICUOLOGY
Volume11Issue:1(SI)Pages:70-77
Subtype期刊论文
Abstract

Daily fine particulate (PM2.5) samples were collected in Chengdu from April 2009 to February 2010 to investigate their chemical profiles during dust storms (DSs) and several types of pollution events, including haze (HDs), biomass burning (BBs), and fireworks displays (FDs). The highest PM2.5 mass concentrations were found during DSs (283.3 mu g/m(3)), followed by FDs (212.7 mu g/m(3)), HDs (187.3 mu g/m(3)), and BBs (130.1 mu g/m(3)). The concentrations of most elements were elevated during DSs and pollution events, except for BBs. Secondary inorganic ions (NO3-, SO42-, and NH4+) were enriched during HDs, while PM2.5 from BBs showed high K+ but low SO42-. FDs caused increases in K+ and enrichment in SO42-. Ca2+ was abundant in DS samples. Ion-balance calculations indicated that PM2.5 from HDs and FDs was more acidic than on normal days, but DS and BB particles were alkaline. The highest organic carbon (OC) concentration was 26.1 mu g/m(3) during FDs, followed by BBs (23.6 mu g/m(3)), HDs (19.6 mu g/m(3)), and DSs (18.8 mu g/m(3)). In contrast, elemental carbon. (EC) concentration was more abundant during HDs (10.6 mu g/m(3)) and FDs (9.5 mu g/m(3)) than during BBs (6.2 mu g/m(3)) and DSs (6.0 mu g/m(3)). The highest OC/EC ratios were obtained during BBs, with the lowest during HDs. SO42-/K+ and TCA/SO42- ratios proved to be effective indicators for differentiating pollution events. Mass balance showed that organic matter, SO42-, and NO3- were the dominant chemical components during pollution events, while soil dust was dominant during DSs.

KeywordPm2.5 Chemical Species Pollution Events Mass Balance
DOI10.1016/j.partic.2012.08.001
Indexed BySCI ; EI
Language英语
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ieecas.cn/handle/361006/10006
Collection粉尘与环境研究室
Corresponding AuthorCao, JJ (Cao, Junji)[ 2,3 ]
Affiliation1.Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
2.Key Lab of Aerosol Science & Technology, SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China;
3.Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China;
4.South China Institute of Environmental Sciences, SEPA, Guangzhou 510655, China;
5.Meteorological Bureau of Baoji Municipality, Baoji 721006, China;
6.Climate Center of Shaanxi Meteorological Bureau, Xi’an 710014, China;
7.Institute of Plateau Meteorology, CMA, Chengdu, Chengdu 610071, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, QY ,Cao, JJ ,Shen, ZX ,et al. Chemical characteristics of PM2.5 during dust storms and air pollution events in Chengdu, China[J]. PARTICUOLOGY,2013,11(1(SI)):70-77.
APA Wang, QY .,Cao, JJ .,Shen, ZX .,Tao, J .,Xiao, S .,...&Tang, XY .(2013).Chemical characteristics of PM2.5 during dust storms and air pollution events in Chengdu, China.PARTICUOLOGY,11(1(SI)),70-77.
MLA Wang, QY ,et al."Chemical characteristics of PM2.5 during dust storms and air pollution events in Chengdu, China".PARTICUOLOGY 11.1(SI)(2013):70-77.
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